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Why Adapt Projector Lenses?
Awhile back, I began to experiment with different lenses on my Pentax 67. My desire was to find a lens that was faster than the 105mm f/2.4 and at a better portrait length, which I consider to be about 180mm on a 6x7 negative or about 80-100mm on a full frame/35mm camera.
The solution I encountered was adapting old projector lenses. These lenses have several wonderful characteristics and some characteristics that are less desirable:
- Very large apertures (f/1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 2 are normal)
- Super shallow depth of field
- Great for low-light
- Typically very good optical quality glass
- Have very interesting bokeh, especially if they are considered a "petzval" type lens which produces "swirling" bokeh
- Old and may therefore very commonly have fungus, balsam separation, etc.
- Often very heavy
- Usually, don't have a way to change the aperture
- Some very nice ones are quite rare and hard to find/stumble upon
- Since 1) they are older and 2) were intended for use in projectors usually used in dark areas, these lenses often do not have lens coatings like modern lenses to reduce flare
- Images may often appear de-contrasted and will need post-processing to correct as desired
How to Adapt Projector Lenses to Pentax 67
Since this can be so daunting, I'm going to make it as simple as possible. And, just as a note, I have linked to the specific sellers' items who have been tested and recommended by myself and others much more experienced than myself. I have heard that certain items from certain sellers are prone to breaking. Again, these items are ones that I have used and recommend. Buy from other sellers at your own risk
Buy these things:
- m65 to Pentax 67 adapter
- m65 helicoid (17-31mm is best for most lenses)
- The mm size will affect various lenses in different ways. The key is finding the mm size that allows you to achieve the focus distance you want which is typically a meter or so out to infinity.
- m65 thread adapter lens mount
- The mm size will depend on the rear of the lens you want to use.
- Be sure to first have your lens picked out
- Measure the rear of the lens from the outer edge to outer edge
- Convert to mm
- A lens that will cover the full 6x7 negative size
- It is best if it covers a little more than the 6x7 since barely covering will lead to optical issues at the corners, most notably, pronounced vignetting, poor sharpness, etc.
- Lenses over 105mm might work. 120mm and over are good bets. And lenses over 140mm should be excellent bets, if designed for 35/70mm cinema film
- Lenses that will cover are usually designed for 35/70mm cinema film and listings typically show this info
- Certain lenses that do not fully "cover" may leave empty space on the negative and/or will cause vignetting to various degrees
- I will suggest a few lenses below in another section
The m65 to Pentax 67 adapter mounts to the Pentax 67 like a lens would. It then attaches to the m65 helicoid, which acts as the focusing apparatus. Then, the thread adapter attaches to the m65 helicoid. Finally, your projector lens goes into the thread adapter.
The rear of the lens will need to fit the m65 thread adapter lens mount. For instance, if the diameter of the rear of the lens is 80mm, the thread adapter lens mount will need to be 80mm.
Some Ideas for Lenses to Try
This is a short list of lenses that are likely to work for your Pentax 67.
- Kollmorgan Super Snaplite
- B&L Super Cinephor
- Schneider Cinelux (Rare to find the right size)
- ISCO Cinelux Ultra
- 110mm, 115mm, 125mm, 130mm, 135mm